The word microbiome is defined as the collection of microbes or microorganisms that inhabit an environment, creating a sort of “mini-ecosystem”. Our human microbiome is made up of communities of symbiotic, commensal and pathogenic bacteria (along with fungi and viruses) all of which call our bodies home.
These communities exist in unique, complementary blends, and inhabit everything from our skin and genitals, to our mouths and eyes, and of course our intestines. The clusters of bacteria from different regions of the body are variously known as microbiota, including, for example, your skin microbiota, oral microbiota, vaginal mirobiota and gut microbiota, also known as “gut flora”.
There are 6 categories of companies within the Microbiome space. Oral health, Skin health, Intestinal health, Genomics, Personalized Drug treatments and Clinical health.
The Zuput platform for startup research has over 120 companies, VC funds, investors and innovative new companies in Microbiome.
In the last 5 years, roughly $210 Million has been invested in the Microbiome space over 79 companies in the space, with China and the United States leading the investments.